Philip Miller

  • English botanist of Scottish descent.
  • Chief gardener at the Chelsea Physic Garden from 1722.
  • According to the botanist Peter Collinson, who visited the physic garden in 1764, Miller "has raised the reputation of the Chelsea Garden so much that it excels all the gardes of Europe for its amazing variety of plants of all orders and classes and from all climates."
  • He corresponded with other botanist and obtained plants from all over the world, many of which he cultivated for the first time in England and is credited as their introducer.
  • Miller was reluctant to use the new binomial nomenclature of Carl Linnaeus, preferring the classifications of Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and John Ray at first. Linnaeus, nevertheless, applauded Miller's Garderenrs Dictionary. He only fully changed to the Linnaean system in the edition of The Gardeners Dictionary of 1768.
  • The standard author abbreviation Mill. is used to indicated this person as the author when citing a botanical name.


  • The Gardener's and Florist Dictionary (1724)
  • The Gardener's Dictionary - containing the Methods of Cultivating and Improving the Kitchen Fruit and Flower Garden (1731)