William Roscoe

  • English banker, lawyer, a Member of Parliament, historian, art collector, botanist, writer.
  • His father is a market gardener. He assisted his father in the work of the garden.
  • In the 1820s he started to publish his work on the reorganization of the Zingiberales order of flowering plants. This was called Monandrian Plants of the Order Scitamineae : Chiefly Drawing from Living Specimens in the Botanical Gardens at Liverpool. It was originally issueed in 15 parts.
  • The Scitaminean order (nowadays Zingiberales) almost exclusively tropical in origin, includes the canna lilies, arrowroot, ginger and turmeric.
  • Roscoea provides 1 or 2 pages of text for each 112 specimens, giving the plant's binomial, a technical description, followed by a fuller more general description, and ending with "observations" (where the plant is from, who has described it previously, the drawing of the plant).